It is finished


  It is finished

Every year, during this time of the year, almost the entire Christendom is commemorating the sacrifice and victory of our Lord Jesus on the cross
and His resurrection from the grave and as Christian, we aught not to just celebrate it but also to know its deeper implications to our walk.
Perhaps one highlight to this is Jesus' seven last words on the cross, the church often reflect on this sayings and connect this to our lives, as they say, the words of a dying man speaks of deeper things; it speaks of points to be taken, lessons to be learned.
These are the following sayings that our Lord Jesus Christ uttered whilst hanging on the cross;

  1. Luke 23:34: Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.
  2. Luke 23:43: Verily, I say unto you today, thou shalt be with me in paradise.
  3. John 19:26–27: Woman, behold thy son. (Says to disciple) Behold thy mother.
  4. Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34: My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?
  5. John 19:28: I thirst.
  6. John 19:30: It is finished.
  7. Luke 23:46: Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit.
I would like to focus deeper on the 6th and the 7th word because it speaks of a lot of things in our spiritual walk.

The Death of Jesus

28 Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 29 A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips. 30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. (John 19:28-30)
I love the first two verses in this part of the narrative, it says "Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” , simply means that Jesus really dealt with a really hard battle and that is the curse of sin. Imagine yourself running for a very long distance; the first thing that you are going to look for after reaching the finish line would be : WATER.
After fighting a good fight against the curses of sins, of course our Lord Jesus Christ will become thirsty.
At first reading, this may seem so insignificant in the rest of the narrative but as we go deeper this may present deeper meanings.
One would be after a hard battle in receiving the full wrath of the Father with all His fleshly wounds, it just shows Jesus' humanity, He was tired in the flesh yet still game-face for our salvation. Indeed, He is the captain of captains, the General of all generals that fought the battle single handed.
Second one is that the vinegar that He received instead of water after uttering "I thirst" represents the cup of suffering that He once told His disciples; "Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?” (Matthew 20:22)
To behold on this just place us in a state of great gratitude unto Jesus who took it all for the sake of our salvation, may we be reminded about this and thirst more about Jesus.
"Knowing that everything had now been finished" the statement itself is filled with thoughts to ponder. What had finish? Amazing.
This could also speak of our Christian walk, as a believer, we have a mission that we have to finish. It will be so tiring, filled with sacrifice, you will weep, you will lose a lot of things, friends, ever relationships just to finish your mission.  Each of us has a call and we will come to a point that we will have to battle for it just like what Jesus did but one of the message of Jesus' victory on the cross is that we must continue and finish our call whatever it takes.
Jesus also had a point in His fight where breakdown;
that was when He prayed in the garden of gethsemane

Jesus Prays in Gethsemane

36 Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I go over there and pray.” 37 And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled. 38 Then he said to them, “My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch[a] with me.” 39 And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.” 40 And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping. And he said to Peter, “So, could you not watch with me one hour? 41 Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 42 Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed, “My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, your will be done.” 43 And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 44 So, leaving them again, he went away and prayed for the third time, saying the same words again. 45 Then he came to the disciples and said to them, “Sleep and take your rest later on.[b] See, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46 Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.”  Matthew 26:36-46
And so, as He finally finished His mission, He declared that "It is finished"
It was actually a shout of victory not a shout of pain. It means He emerged victorious, imagine what would happen if after putting fist nail on His hands, He immediately died, we will never know if He finished the mission or not, right?
The word "finish" or completed originated from the greek word Tetelestai
The word tetelestai was also written on business documents or receipts in New Testament times to show indicating that a bill had been paid in full. The Greek-English lexicon by Moulton and Milligan says this:
“Receipts are often introduced by the phrase [sic] tetelestai, usually written in an abbreviated manner...”
which can also be translated "PAID IN FULL!" THREE words in English, ONE word in Greek – TETELESTAI! The GREATEST WORD from the GREATEST MAN on the GREATEST DAY in all eternity! One word, but no word ever uttered has so changed the history and destiny of mankind. In Latin tetelestai is rendered with two words “Consummatum est” (It is consummated!)

TETELESTAI is the perfect tense (see below) of the verb teleo which is derived from telos (a goal achieved, a consummation, a result attained) and means to bring something to a successful end to or to its intended or destined goal. It does not mean just to complete a task but to carry it out fully, to bring it to the finish or to perfection. It follows that Jesus’ cry of TETELESTAI is a word of finality. The idea is “It is finished, it stands finished, and it always will be finished!” His work of redemption is complete and nothing needs to be or can be added to it. Sin is atoned for (Heb 9:12-noteHeb 10:12-note), Satan is defeated and rendered powerless (Heb 2:14-15-note1Jn 3:8), every requirement of the Law has been satisfied and God’s holy wrath against sin has been satisfied (or propitiated) (Ro 3:25-noteHeb 2:17-note1Jn 2:24:10). Redemption is eternally secured. We are reconciled in Christ's "fleshly body through death" that we might be presented before God "holy and blameless and beyond reproach." (Col 1:22-note).

THE PERFECT TENSETETELESTAI is in the perfect tense which describes a PAST completed act with PRESENT effect, emphasizing that the past completed event of Christ's death on the Cross has ongoing, even permanent effects. Jesus’ sacrifice may have occurred in time and space, but its results will last for eternity! In other words, when Jesus declared “IT IS FINISHED”, He was saying that His mission to redeem sinners had reached its intended goal and that the benefits to the redeemed would last throughout eternity.

and FINALLY, with all confidence that everything done according to the will of the Father , our Lord Jesus Christ shouted :
Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit.
Truly that Jesus is our amazing grace, we have to received Him. He deserve all our adoration, He deserve all our praises. Because of this we are empowered to do the will of God. May we be reminded of how powerful this commemoration is.
"The cross was the pulpit from which Christ preached His love to the world"


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